Description of the Lesson Structure and Design
A. Lesson Structure
There is a three-fold structure to each lesson: the pre-viewing, viewing, and post-viewing sections.
1. The Pre-Viewing Section
of the lesson introduces the topic and activates the appropriate
schema. This section offers previewing, predicting, and schema-building
activities based on a clip.
2. The Viewing Section
of the lesson is subdivided into three types of activities: a) global
viewing of the complete clip that focuses attention on the major
categories of information presented in the clip; b) viewing for
specific details that elicits responses via charts, matching, and/or
questions; and c) intensive language questions that examine
cultural/pragmatic aspects of the discourse, speech acts, and/or
grammatical structures of interest.
3. The Post-Viewing Section
provides the student with an opportunity to use the language learned in
a manner that integrates various skills (listening, reading, writing,
and speaking) and extends beyond the context of the video. The student
may be asked to interview someone, to write or read something about the
topic, to watch an additional clip on a related matter, or to view an
additional video clip that reinforces the socio-linguistic or pragmatic
teaching points of the lesson. The student will then bring the
post-listening assignment to class for group discussion as well as for
B. Lesson Design
three-fold structure is developed into four sections in the lesson
design with the Pre-Viewing occurring in the Preparation (Siap-siap) section, the Viewing occurring in the Watching the Clip (Mari Nonton) and Re-Viewing (Lihat Kembali) sections, and the Post-Viewing occurring in the Homework (Bawa Pulang) section. The objectives of each section are described below:
1. Siap-siap / Preparation
the context and provide background information (maps, photographs,
etc.) on the film in order to build appropriate schema.
- Make predictions based on viewing.
- Learn difficult vocabulary.
2. Mari Nonton / Watching the Clip
- View the complete clip for the global idea.
- View for specific information (either from a complete clip or from specific segments).
3. Lihat Kembali / Re-Viewing
- Focus on discourse organization, pragmatics, language registers, cultural implications, vocabulary, or structural patterns.
communication strategies for accomplishing a speech act (e.g. how to
persuade, refuse or disagree). These exercises are usually based on
both the film of the lesson and additional authentic or semi-authentic
audio and/or video clips.
4. Bawa Pulang / Homework
the language and discourse strategies learned in the lesson to new
contexts, integrating the listening skills with speaking, writing, and
The lessons are designed to stimulate
interest, promote listening proficiency, and increase understanding of
contemporary Indonesian language and culture.