Indonesian Language Project
Indonesian Language Project

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Description of the Lesson Structure and Design

A. Lesson Structure

There is a three-fold structure to each lesson: the pre-viewing, viewing, and post-viewing sections.

1. The Pre-Viewing Section of the lesson introduces the topic and activates the appropriate schema. This section offers previewing, predicting, and schema-building activities based on a clip.

2. The Viewing Section of the lesson is subdivided into three types of activities: a) global viewing of the complete clip that focuses attention on the major categories of information presented in the clip; b) viewing for specific details that elicits responses via charts, matching, and/or questions; and c) intensive language questions that examine cultural/pragmatic aspects of the discourse, speech acts, and/or grammatical structures of interest.

3. The Post-Viewing Section provides the student with an opportunity to use the language learned in a manner that integrates various skills (listening, reading, writing, and speaking) and extends beyond the context of the video. The student may be asked to interview someone, to write or read something about the topic, to watch an additional clip on a related matter, or to view an additional video clip that reinforces the socio-linguistic or pragmatic teaching points of the lesson. The student will then bring the post-listening assignment to class for group discussion as well as for teacher evaluation.

B. Lesson Design

The three-fold structure is developed into four sections in the lesson design with the Pre-Viewing occurring in the Preparation (Siap-siap) section, the Viewing occurring in the Watching the Clip (Mari Nonton) and Re-Viewing (Lihat Kembali) sections, and the Post-Viewing occurring in the Homework (Bawa Pulang) section. The objectives of each section are described below:

1. Siap-siap / Preparation

  • Establish the context and provide background information (maps, photographs, etc.) on the film in order to build appropriate schema.
  • Make predictions based on viewing.
  • Learn difficult vocabulary.

2. Mari Nonton / Watching the Clip

  • View the complete clip for the global idea.
  • View for specific information (either from a complete clip or from specific segments).

3. Lihat Kembali / Re-Viewing

  • Focus on discourse organization, pragmatics, language registers, cultural implications, vocabulary, or structural patterns.
  • Examine communication strategies for accomplishing a speech act (e.g. how to persuade, refuse or disagree). These exercises are usually based on both the film of the lesson and additional authentic or semi-authentic audio and/or video clips.

4. Bawa Pulang / Homework

  • Apply the language and discourse strategies learned in the lesson to new contexts, integrating the listening skills with speaking, writing, and reading skills.

The lessons are designed to stimulate interest, promote listening proficiency, and increase understanding of contemporary Indonesian language and culture.